Dawn Davis, MD, PhD
Position title: Associate Professor, Medicine, Endocrinology
UW MED FNDTN CENTENNIAL BLDG
1685 HIGHLAND AVE
MADISON, WI 53705-2281
- Lab Website
- Davis Lab
Dr. Davis runs a federally funded research lab focused on pancreatic beta cell biology. One area of focus is on understanding the mechanisms underlying the growth response in the beta cell. Beta cells normally do not grow, but can be stimulated to divide and expand in response to certain stimuli. When faced with insulin resistance and increased demand for insulin during pregnancy or in the setting of obesity, the beta cell will divide and overall beta cell mass is increased. Conversely, one of the defects in type 2 diabetes is a loss of overall beta cell mass leading to insufficient insulin production. In addition, type 1 diabetes is caused by autoimmune destruction of the beta cell, although there is evidence that a small population of beta cells may continue to attempt to replicate and expand in the setting of ongoing autoimmune attack. Understanding the mechanisms of beta cell proliferation that occur naturally in these adaptive settings may help us identify new therapeutic targets that can help drive beta cell proliferation in the patient with prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, a recent islet transplant, or potentially even type 1 diabetes in combination with immune therapies.
A second area of interest is in beta cell death, or apoptosis. Numerous stressors lead to increased beta cell apoptosis in early type 1 diabetes and in type 2 diabetes. We are also studying the ways that the pancreatic islet adapts to stressors and promotes beta cell survival.
Understanding the mechanisms of beta cell growth and survival that occur naturally in these adaptive settings may help us identify new therapeutic targets that can help drive beta cell proliferation in the patient with prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, a recent islet transplant, or potentially even type 1 diabetes in combination with immune therapies.
Dr. Davis also conducts clinical research in collaboration with a number of other investigators. She has led a study to understand the mechanisms of hypoglycemia in gastric bypass surgery patients and to test a novel treatment for this disorder. She has ongoing collaborative studies looking at biomarkers for diabetes, novel dietary interventions for weight loss and diabetes prevention, and the treatment of diabetes in hospitalized patients.
Search for Dawn Davis’ literature abstracts on PubMed
- *K.A. Krautkramer, A.K. Linnemann, D.A. Fontaine, A.L. Whillock , T.W. Harris, G.J. Schleis, N.A. Truchan, L. Marty-Santos, J.A. Lavine, O. Cleaver, M.E. Kimple, D.B.Davis. “Tcf19 is a novel islet factor necessary for proliferation and survival in the INS-1 beta cell line”, (2013) Am J Physiol –Endo & Metab.305(5):E600-10. PMID 23860123, PMC3761170.
- G.M. Campos, M. Ziemelis, R. Paparodis, M. Ahmed, D.B. Davis. “Laparoscopic reversal of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: Technique and Utility for Treatment of Endocrine Complications” (2014) Surg Obes Relat Diseases, 10(1):36-43. (PMID 24120983. PMC n/a).
- A. K. Linnemann, M. Baan and D.B. Davis, “Pancreatic beta cell proliferation in response to obesity” (2014) Advances in Nutrition, 5(3):278-88. (PMID 24829474, PMC4013180)
- *A.K. Linnemann, J.C. Neuman, T.J. Battiola, M.E. Kimple, D.B. Davis. “Glucagon-like peptide-1 regulates transcription and secretion of cholecystokinin from b-cells”, (2015), Molecular Endocrinology, 29(7):978-987. (PMID 25984632, PMC4484781)
- *M. Baan, J. Bushkofsky,C.R. Kibbe, T. Harris, D. Sherman, D.B. Davis. “Transgenic expression of the human growth hormone minigene promotes pancreatic beta cell proliferation”, AJP:Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, (2015), 309(7):R788-94. (PMID 26202070, PMC4631542)
- *J.A. Lavine*, C. Kibbe*, M. Baan, S. Sirinvaravong, H.M. Umhoefer, K.A. Engler, L.M. Meske, K.A. Sacotte, D.P. Erhardt, D.B. Davis. “Cholecystokinin expression in the b-cell leads to increased b-cell area in aged mice and protects from streptozotocin-induced diabetes and apoptosis”, (2015), AJP:Endocrinology&Metabolism, 309(10):E819-28 (PMID 26394663, PMC in progress). * – co-first authors
- D.A. Fontaine, D.B. Davis. “Attention to background strain is essential in metabolic research: C57BL/6 and the International Knockout Mouse Consortium”, (2016), Diabetes 65(1):25-33. PMID26696638
- M. Baan, K.J. Krentz, D.A. Fontaine, D.B. Davis. “Successful in vitro fertilization and generation of transgenics in Black and Tan Brachyury (BTBR) mice”, Aug 2016, Epub ahead of print; Transgenic Res. PMID 27515175